web analytics

What Does A Biokineticist Do?

Quick Summary

Biokineticists are healthcare professionals who specialize in using exercise therapy to improve physical condition and quality of life. They work in orthopedic rehabilitation, chronic disease management, and total wellness, collaborating with other health professionals to provide comprehensive care. Biokineticists assess and treat patients through thorough evaluations, develop individualized exercise programs, and offer training sessions to educate individuals on improving their lifestyle and condition. They play a crucial role in preventing injuries, aiding in recovery after surgeries, and providing exercise therapy for chronic diseases and special populations.


Biokinetics is a field that focuses on human movement and specializes in prescribing exercise routines for preventative health measures or to correct health problems such as sports injuries or recovery from disease, operation, or illness. Biokineticists primarily work in orthopedic rehabilitation, chronic disease management, and total wellness. They aim to strengthen muscles to protect joints during physical activities, manage chronic diseases through exercise, and promote overall well-being through lifestyle and stress management.

The word “biokinetics” is derived from the Greek words “BIOS,” meaning “life,” and “KINESIS,” meaning “movement.” It refers to the maintenance of quality of life through the use of physical activity.

In South Africa specifically, biokineticists are recognized healthcare professionals who are registered with the Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA). They play an essential role in improving individuals’ physical condition and quality of life by providing comprehensive assessments tailored exercise programs.

Whether you’re recovering from surgery or managing a chronic condition like hypertension or diabetes; whether you want guidance on preventing injuries while exercising or need assistance returning safely back into your favorite sport – biokineticists can help!

Throughout this blog post we will explore what exactly a biokinetisist does including how they assess patients, treatments offered, and frequently asked questions about their profession.

What is a Biokineticist?

A biokineticist is a healthcare professional who specializes in the field of human movement and exercise therapy. They play an essential role in preventative health measures as well as rehabilitation. With their expertise, they aim to improve individuals’ physical condition and overall quality of life.

Orthopedic Rehabilitation

In orthopedic rehabilitation, biokineticists work with patients recovering from injuries or surgeries related to bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, or tendons. Through targeted exercise routines tailored to each individual’s needs and capabilities, biokineticists help strengthen muscles surrounding affected areas while promoting healing.

Chronic Disease Management

Biokineticists provide valuable support for conditions such as hypertension (high blood pressure), high cholesterol levels, and type 2 diabetes. They design specialized exercise programs that can effectively manage these diseases by improving cardiovascular fitness, stabilizing blood sugar levels, reducing weight if necessary, and enhancing overall well-being. Biokineticists also monitor important indicators like blood pressure and blood glucose levels during sessions to ensure safety throughout the process.

Neurological Disorders

Biokinetics plays vital roles in neurological disorders such as Parkinson’s Disease, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, fibromyalgia, etc. Through supervised exercises specifically designed for each patient’s unique situation, the goal here is to delay degenerative changes, maximize functional capacity, minimize pain symptoms where possible, and maintain independent function wherever feasible.

Wellness Promotion

Apart from specific medical conditions, a key aspect of what biokineticists do is promote general wellness through lifestyle modification. Stress reduction techniques, dietary advice, body composition monitoring are some examples. Their holistic approach ensures that clients receive comprehensive care addressing all aspects contributing towards optimal health.

Overall, biokinetics focuses on using physical activity therapeutically to prevent illness, injury recurrence, and rehabilitate individuals after onset. They have extensive knowledge in anatomy, physiology, chemistry, biology, and psychology, which enables them to provide specialized exercise therapy that caters to the unique needs of each individual.

Biokineticists are required to have an Honours degree from a recognized university and must be registered with the Health Professions Council of South Africa. This ensures their adherence to professional standards and ethical practices in delivering quality care.

How do Biokineticists Assess and Treat Patients?

Biokineticists follow a standard routine when assessing and treating patients. This process involves various steps to ensure comprehensive care for individuals seeking their expertise.

1. Taking Medical History:

The first step in the assessment is taking a detailed medical history of the patient. This includes gathering information about any previous injuries, surgeries, or existing health conditions that may impact their physical well-being.

2. Conducting Physical Examinations:

Biokineticists perform thorough physical examinations to assess an individual’s overall fitness level and identify any specific areas of concern related to movement or function. These examinations involve evaluating posture, range of motion, muscle strength, flexibility, balance, coordination, and cardiovascular endurance.

3. Neurological Examination:

In addition to the physical examination, biokineticists also conduct neurological assessments. This helps them evaluate nerve functions, muscle tone, sensation, etc.

4. Orthopedic Examination:

Orthopedic examination focuses on identifying musculoskeletal issues such as joint mobility, stability, muscular imbalances, etc.

5. Requesting Tests or Diagnoses from Specialists:

Depending on the findings during initial assessments, a biokineticist might request further tests, diagnostic imaging like X-rays, MRI scans, blood workup if required. These additional investigations help provide a more accurate diagnosis, which can be used while designing exercise programs tailored specifically for each individual’s needs.

6. Proficiency and Qualifications Required for Biokinetics:

To become proficient as a biokineticist, it requires extensive knowledge in anatomy, physiology, chemistry, biology, and psychology. Biokineticists must have an Honours degree from a recognized university. They are registered with the Health Professions Council Of South Africa (HPCSA). This ensures they meet professional standards set by the regulatory body, ensuring quality service delivery.

7. Registration With The Health Professions Council Of South Africa:

It is a mandatory requirement that all practicing biokineticists should be registered with HPCSA. This ensures that they adhere to professional standards and code of conduct set by the council.

8. Medical Aid Coverage for Biokinetic Sessions:

Sessions with a biokineticist can often be claimed back from medical aids, depending on individual policies. It is advisable to check with your specific medical aid provider regarding coverage details before commencing treatment sessions.

Biokinetics assessments are comprehensive in nature as it allows biokineticists to gather all relevant information about a patient’s health status, physical fitness level, etc. This helps them design personalized exercise programs tailored specifically for each individual’s needs, ensuring optimal results during the rehabilitation process or preventative measures against chronic diseases.

Biokinetics as Part of a Multidisciplinary Team

Biokineticists play an integral role in the healthcare system by working collaboratively with other health professionals. They form part of a multidisciplinary team that includes physiotherapists, podiatrists, orthopedic surgeons, neurosurgeons, cardiologists, gynecologists, dieticians, and many others. This teamwork is essential for providing comprehensive care to patients.

Collaboration with Physiotherapists

Physiotherapists often work closely with biokineticists due to the overlapping nature of their professions. While both focus on physical rehabilitation through exercise therapy techniques, they have different areas of specialization within this field. Physiotherapists primarily address acute injuries or conditions requiring immediate attention while biokineticists’ main area lies in chronic disease management and preventative measures.

Collaboration with Podiatrists

Podiatrists may refer patients who require specialized foot or lower limb exercises designed specifically for improving mobility or addressing biomechanical issues related thereto.

Collaboration with Orthopedic Surgeons

Orthopedic surgeons collaborate with biokineticists when it comes to post-surgery recovery programs where strengthening muscles around joints are crucial during the healing process after operations such as joint replacements. This collaboration ensures optimal outcomes from surgical interventions can be achieved under joint guidance.

Collaboration with Neurosurgeons

Neurosurgeons also rely on collaboration with biokineticists, especially when dealing with neurological abnormalities like stroke victims needing assistance in regaining motor control or patients with conditions such as Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, and cerebral palsy requiring supervised exercise therapy to delay degenerative changes and maintain independent function.

Collaboration with Cardiologists

Cardiologists may refer cardiac rehabilitation patients who have undergone heart surgery or experienced a cardiovascular event. Biokineticists play an essential role in guiding these individuals through tailored exercise programs that focus on improving cardiovascular fitness while monitoring their heart rate and blood pressure closely during sessions to ensure safety throughout the recovery process.

Collaboration with Gynecologists

Gynecologists often collaborate with biokineticists when it comes to women’s health issues like pre- and post-natal care. They work together to ensure safe exercises are prescribed for pregnant women, helping them stay active without compromising their well-being or the baby’s development.

Collaboration with Dieticians

Dieticians also form part of this multidisciplinary team by providing nutritional guidance alongside biokineticists’ expertise in physical activity prescription. They can help optimize overall wellness outcomes achieved through combined efforts made towards achieving desired goals set forth initially in the treatment plan.

Services Offered by Biokineticists

Biokineticists offer a range of services aimed at improving physical well-being and addressing various health conditions. These services can be categorized into proactive and reactive approaches, focusing on prevention as well as treatment.


One of the key roles of biokineticists is to prevent chronic diseases, neurological abnormalities, orthopedic complications, metabolic abnormalities, heart conditions, and hypokinetic conditions through exercise therapy. By prescribing tailored exercise routines based on individual needs and goals, biokineticists help individuals maintain optimal health and reduce their risk factors for these conditions.


In addition to preventive measures, biokinetics also plays an important role in treating existing health issues. Biokinetisits are skilled in final phase injury management where they assist patients recovering from surgeries or injuries by designing rehabilitation programs that promote healing while restoring strength and function.

Fitness Evaluations & Assessments

To develop effective exercise programs for clients’ specific needs, biokeniticsts conduct comprehensive fitness evaluations and assessments. These evaluations may include measurements such as resting blood pressure and heart rate assessment, body composition analysis, waist-to-hip ratio evaluation, aerobic work capacity measurement, muscular strength, endurance, and power testing, postural assessment, and core stability examination. These tests provide valuable information about an individual’s current physical condition which helps guide the development of personalized exercise plans.

Individualized Exercise Programs

Based on the results obtained from fitness evaluations, biokenitcist will design customized exercises program specifically suited to each client’s unique requirements. This ensures that every aspect including intensity, duration, type, frequency, etc. are taken into consideration. The goal is not only to improve overall wellness but also to address any underlying medical concerns or limitations.

Training Sessions & Personal Training

Biokintecist often provides one-on-one training sessions with clients. They educate them regarding proper form, functional movements, safe techniques, etc. Biokiecticists also offer personal training services where they work closely with individuals to help them achieve their fitness goals, whether it’s weight loss, muscle gain, or improved athletic performance.

Special Population Groups & Injury Investigations

Biokineticists are trained to cater to special population groups such as children, pregnant women, and older adults. They understand the unique needs of these populations and develop exercise programs that take into account any specific considerations. In addition, Biokinetisits conduct thorough investigations for injuries by assessing functional capacity, ability to perform activities of daily living, and conducting specialized tests. These evaluations help identify weaknesses and underlying causes which then guide treatment plans.

Program Upgrades & Progress Monitoring

To ensure continuous improvement, biokeniticsts regularly upgrade exercise programs every six weeks. This allows monitoring progress, enabling adjustments if necessary. It is important in order to enhance program effectiveness while addressing individual’s changing physical condition. Biokineticists play a crucial role in tracking clients’ progress over time through regular assessments, ensuring that the prescribed exercises continue to be effective.

Overall, biokinetics offers proactive measures aimed at preventing various health conditions through tailored exercise routines. Additionally, it provides reactive treatments focusing on rehabilitation after surgeries or injuries. Biokienticst provides comprehensive fitness evaluations, assigns personalized exercise regimens based on client requirements. Offering one-on-one training sessions, catering to special population groups like children, pregnant women, etc., and providing injury investigation along with program upgrades ensures optimal results.

Benefits of Biokinetics

Biokinetics offers numerous benefits that contribute to improved physical condition and overall quality of life. Whether it’s rehabilitation after surgeries or injuries, prevention of recurring injuries, exercise therapy for chronic diseases, or catering to special populations such as children, pregnant women, and older adults – biokineticists play a vital role in promoting health and well-being.

1. Improved Physical Condition:

One of the primary goals of biokinetics is to enhance an individual’s physical condition. Through personalized exercise programs tailored to specific needs and abilities, biokineticists help individuals improve their strength, flexibility, endurance, and overall fitness levels.

2. Rehabilitation After Surgeries and Injuries:

Following surgeries or injuries, it is crucial for patients’ recovery process to include proper rehabilitation. Biokineticists are trained professionals who specialize in designing targeted exercises aimed at restoring mobility, functionality, and muscle strength. They work closely with patients to ensure safe progression through each stage of the healing process, resulting in optimal recovery and return to normal activities.

3. Prevention Of Recurring Injuries:

By identifying underlying causes contributing to recurring injuries such as poor biomechanics, muscle imbalances, inadequate movement patterns, biokineticists help individuals address these issues. Through corrective exercises, stretches, and postural correction techniques, the risk of future injury can be significantly reduced. This proactive approach helps individuals maintain long-term musculoskeletal health while engaging in various physical activities and sports.

4. Exercise Therapy For Chronic Diseases:

Biokineticists play an important role in the management of type 2 diabetes, hypertension (high blood pressure), high cholesterol levels, cardiac conditions, pulmonary conditions (such as asthma), and other chronic diseases. By prescribing appropriate exercise routines, biokineticists can help improve blood glucose control, reduce the need for medication, lower blood pressure, and reduce the risk of cardiovascular complications. Exercise therapy also helps to improve overall cardiovascular fitness, reduce body fat, and enhance mental well-being.

5. Monitoring Of Blood Pressure And Blood Glucose Levels:

Biokineticists are trained in monitoring vital signs such as blood pressure and blood glucose levels during exercise sessions. This allows them to ensure that individuals with chronic diseases maintain safe levels while engaging in physical activity. Regular monitoring provides valuable feedback on the effectiveness of exercise programs and enables adjustments when necessary.

6. Recovery Process For Cardiac Patients:

For patients recovering from cardiac events or undergoing cardiac rehabilitation, biokinetics plays a crucial role. Biokineticists design exercise programs specifically tailored to the individual’s condition and capabilities. These programs help improve cardiorespiratory fitness, rebuild muscle strength, enhance circulation, and promote overall heart health. They also monitor heart rate and blood pressure during exercise to ensure safety and successful rehabilitation.

7. Exercise Therapy for Neurological Conditions:

Individuals suffering from neurological conditions like Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, fibromyalgia can benefit greatly from biokinetic treatment. The exercises prescribed by biokineticists aim to delay degenerative changes, preserve independent functionality, minimize pain and symptoms, and maintain quality of life. By focusing on strengthening weak muscles, improving balance, gait patterns, and increasing mobility, biokinetics can help manage symptoms and reduce the risk of further functional decline.

8. Catering To Special Populations:

Biokineticists are equipped with the knowledge and experience to cater to special populations like children, pregnant women, and older adults. Children may require specialized exercise routines for healthy growth and development. Pregnant women benefit from safe and effective pregnancy-specific exercises designed to promote physical well-being and prepare for childbirth. Older adults benefit from exercise programs that focus on maintaining muscle strength, balance, flexibility, and overall mobility.

9. Exercise and Lifestyle Advice:

In addition to exercise therapy, biokineticists provide valuable advice on incorporating physical activity into daily routines. They educate individuals about the importance of regular exercise for maintaining good health and offer guidance on making healthy lifestyle choices such as nutrition, dietary supplementation, stress management, sleep hygiene, and ergonomics. This holistic approach helps individuals achieve optimal well-being beyond their sessions with a biokineticist.

10. Body Composition Monitoring:

Biokineticists utilize advanced techniques and specialized equipment to assess body composition. This measurement provides insight into the individual’s fat percentage, muscle mass distribution, body water content, and overall health status. By monitoring changes in body composition over time, biokineticists can adjust exercise programs accordingly to promote healthy weight loss or muscle gain goals.

11. Ergonomic And Postural Correction:

Poor posture and inadequate ergonomics can lead to muscle tension, pain, and injuries. Biokineticists provide assessments of postural efficiency and exercises designed to restore proper alignment of the spine, joints, and muscles. They also educate individuals on correct workstation setup, lifting techniques, and other aspects of task-specific movements to avoid strain and repetitive stress injuries. Implementing these corrections improves physical comfort, reduces symptoms associated with poor posture, and promotes long-term musculoskeletal health.

Overall, biokinetics is an essential healthcare discipline that offers numerous benefits in improving physical condition, functionality, and quality of life. It plays a vital role in rehabilitation after surgeries or injuries, preventing recurring injuries through corrective exercises, addressing underlying causes, providing specialized exercise therapy for chronic diseases, neurological conditions, cardiac patients, and special populations like children, pregnant women, and older adults. It also offers exercise and lifestyle advice, body composition monitoring, and ergonomic and postural correction. By incorporating biokinetics into their healthcare journey, individuals can experience significant improvements in physical well-being leading to a better quality of life.

Frequently Asked Questions

Question 1: What qualifications does a biokineticist need?

To become a qualified biokineticist, individuals must have an Honours degree from a recognized university. This degree should cover subjects such as anatomy, physiology, chemistry, biology, and psychology. Additionally, they must be registered with the Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA). These requirements ensure that biokineticists possess the necessary knowledge and skills to assess patients’ physical condition accurately and prescribe appropriate exercise programs.

Question 2: Can I claim biokinetic sessions from my medical aid?

Yes! Sessions with a biokineticist can typically be claimed back from your medical aid provider. Biokinetisits are recognized healthcare professionals who work in collaboration with other health practitioners to provide comprehensive care for their patients. However, it is always recommended to check directly with your specific medical aid scheme regarding coverage details before starting any treatment or therapy.

Question 3: How long does a typical biokinetics session last?

The duration of each session may vary depending on individual needs and goals; however, a typical session usually lasts around one hour. Biokineticists use this time effectively by conducting assessments, evaluating progress, and providing guidance during exercises. They aim at maximizing results within each appointment while ensuring safety measures are followed throughout the process.

Question 4: How often should I upgrade my exercise program?

The frequency of upgrading an exercise program depends on various factors including individual goals, current fitness level, and progression made so far. As a general guideline, it is advisable to review and update your program every six weeks. This allows biokineticists to monitor progress, make relevant adjustments based on improvements or limitations identified during the previous period. It also ensures continuous improvement and safeguards against plateaus in performance.

Question 5: Can biokineticists help with weight loss?

Yes, biokineticists can play a significant role in a weight loss journey. They are specialized exercise therapists who understand the science behind physical activity and its impact on body composition. Biokineticists can design individualized exercise programs that focus on burning calories, increasing metabolic rate, and building muscle mass. These programs are tailored to each person’s specific needs and abilities. Additionally, they provide guidance on lifestyle changes, nutrition, and behavior modification to support long-term weight management goals.

Question 6: Are biokineticists only for people with injuries or chronic conditions?

No, biokineticists provide services for a wide range of individuals including those without any specific injuries or chronic conditions. They cater to people of all ages, genders, and nationalities who seek improved physical condition, functional performance, maintenance of well-being, or specific goals such as sports performance enhancement. Their expertise extends beyond rehabilitation towards preventative health measures and supporting sports participation at all levels.

Question 7: Can biokineticists help with sports performance improvement?

Yes! Biokinetics plays an essential role in enhancing sports performance. By assessing an athlete’s current fitness level, biomechanics, and movement patterns, biokinetics can identify areas of weakness or imbalance that may be affecting their athletic abilities. With this information, a customized training program is developed targeting these specific areas. This includes exercises aimed at improving strength, endurance, flexibility, power, speed, stability, and agility. Athletes also receive injury prevention strategies, recovery techniques, dietary advice, tapering protocols before competitions, etc. All these interventions aim to promote optimal athletic performance through scientifically based training methods.

Question 8: What is the difference between a biokineticist and physiotherapist?

While both professions work within the fields of health and rehabilitation, there are some key differences between biokineticists and physiotherapists. Physiotherapy focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of physical injuries or impairments through a range of techniques including manual therapy, mobilization exercises, electrotherapy, etc. They often work with patients who have acute injuries or conditions. Biokineticists, on the other hand, focus on using exercise as a therapeutic modality to improve physical condition, functional performance, and quality of life. Their expertise lies in designing individualized exercise programs that address specific needs such as rehabilitation from surgery, injury management, chronic disease management, sports performance enhancement, etc. Both professions complement each other well within multidisciplinary teams.

Question 9: Are biokineticists regulated by any professional body?

Yes, biokineticists are registered with the Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA). This regulatory body ensures that biokinetics practitioners meet certain standards for education, knowledge, certification, and ethical conduct. This registration provides assurance to clients about the professionalism, integrity, and safety practiced by biokineticists. It is always recommended to seek treatment from registered professionals who adhere to these standards.

Question 10: Can biokinetics work with children and older adults?

Yes! Biokinetics can effectively work with children and older adults. In fact, the field offers specialized services for these groups. Children can benefit from early intervention programs aimed at developing motor skills, stamina, endurance, balance coordination, etc. These programs help them achieve optimal growth development while promoting healthy active lifestyles. Older adults can also benefit greatly from biokinetic services which focus on maintaining mobility, reducing the risk of falls, promoting social engagement, and independence. Exercise interventions designed specifically for them support cardiac health, joint functionality, bone density, flexibility, and overall well-being. Biokineticists are trained to adapt exercise programs to accommodate individual needs and limitations associated with age-related changes.


  1. https://www.kroonbio.co.za/what-is-biokinetics/
  2. https://hms.mandela.ac.za/Biokinetics-Sport-Science-Unit/Biokinetics
  3. https://fsbio.co.za/what-does-a-bio-do/

Latest Questions Answered