## Understanding Ratio

Ratio is an important concept to understand in maths literacy, especially for those studying in South Africa. This article will provide an overview of what ratio is and how it can be calculated.

A ratio is a comparison between two or more numbers or amounts, expressed as a fraction or percentage. Ratios are used to compare the relative sizes of two quantities or values, such as length, area, volume etc. They can also be used to measure the relationship between different parts of something (such as ingredients in a recipe). For example, if you have 2 cups of flour and 1 cup of sugar then your ratio would be 2:1 (or 2/1).

### Calculating Ratios

The first step when calculating ratios is to identify which numbers need to be compared – these could be measurements from experiments conducted within the classroom environment or figures found in tables and other data sources provided by teachers. Once you know which numbers need comparing then it’s simply a matter of dividing one number by another – this gives you your ratio result! For example: If we wanted to calculate the ratio between 5 apples and 10 oranges then our equation would look like this: 5 ÷ 10 = 0.5 (or “5 over ten”) – giving us a result that tells us there are half as many apples compared with oranges.

### Real-World Examples Of Ratios

In real-world settings ratios are often used to describe relationships between elements within systems – for instance when describing proportions within recipes for baking cakes or making sauces; they may also help engineers work out how much force needs applying onto certain materials when constructing buildings etc.. Additionally ratios can even help scientists make discoveries about natural phenomena such as animal populations in different habitats across regions! As mentioned earlier though these calculations require good maths skills so being able to correctly calculate them accurately will give students an edge when entering into higher education studies/careers later on down life’s path…

### Conclusion

In conclusion understanding basic concepts like calculating ratios will enable pupils throughout South Africa not only excel academically but gain valuable insight into problem solving methods that could benefit their future careers too! With all things considered having mastery over basic numerical operations should always remain at forefront importance no matter where learning takes place…