web analytics

How Is Return Of Earnings Calculated?

Quick Summary

The Return of Earnings (ROE) is an annual declaration of earnings that employers in South Africa must submit to the Compensation Fund. This blog post provides a comprehensive guide on how the ROE is calculated, including step-by-step instructions and examples for different scenarios. It also covers the submission process, deadlines, and potential penalties for non-compliance.


The Return of Earnings (ROE) is an important aspect for employers in South Africa. It refers to the annual declaration of earnings that employers are required to submit to the Compensation Fund, specifically for Workman’s Comp purposes. This declaration determines the amount payable by the employer towards compensation for occupational injuries and diseases.

Calculating and submitting accurate ROEs is crucial as it ensures that employees receive appropriate benefits in case they suffer from work-related injuries or illnesses. In this blog post, we will explore how exactly return of earnings is calculated and provide a comprehensive guide on understanding this process.

By gaining insight into calculating ROEs accurately, you can ensure compliance with legal requirements while also safeguarding your employees’ well-being should any unfortunate incidents occur at their workplace.

The Return of Earnings (ROE)

The Return of Earnings (ROE) is an annual declaration of earnings that employers in South Africa are required to submit to the Compensation Fund. This declaration, also known as W.As.8, determines the amount payable by the employer towards compensation for occupational injuries and diseases.

In simple terms, ROE represents the total remuneration paid by an employer to their employees during a specific period. It includes regular monthly earnings, bonuses, allowances, and other forms of income provided to employees.

The purpose of calculating and submitting ROE is twofold: firstly it ensures that employers contribute their fair share towards compensating workers who suffer from work-related injuries or illnesses; secondly it helps determine how much each individual employee should receive if they need medical treatment or rehabilitation due to such incidents.

It’s important for all eligible businesses operating within South Africa’s jurisdiction – regardless of size or industry -to comply with this requirement set out under The Compensation for Occupational Injuries and Diseases Act (COIDA). Failure to do so may result in penalties including fines or even imprisonment depending on severity.

Why is the ROE important?

The Return of Earnings (ROE) plays a crucial role in South Africa’s Compensation for Occupational Injuries and Diseases (COID) system. It serves as an annual declaration of earnings that employers are required to submit to the Compensation Fund. The importance of the ROE lies in its ability to determine the amount payable by employers towards workers’ compensation.

Financial Protection for Employees

One key reason why the ROE is significant is because it ensures that employees receive adequate financial protection in case they suffer from work-related injuries or diseases. By accurately calculating and submitting their annual earnings, employers contribute towards a fund that provides compensation benefits such as medical expenses, disability grants, funeral costs, and even income replacement during periods when employees cannot work due to occupational incidents.

Transparency in Remuneration Practices

Moreover, accurate reporting through the ROE helps maintain transparency within organizations regarding remuneration practices. This information allows both employers and employees alike to have clear visibility into how much has been earned over a specific period.

Compliance and Legal Consequences

Additionally, compliance with submitting an accurate ROE also protects businesses from potential legal consequences associated with non-compliance penalties imposed by regulatory authorities like fines or imprisonment terms if incorrect information is provided intentionally or unintentionally.

Overall, understanding why completing this process correctly matters can help ensure fair treatment for injured workers while safeguarding companies against unnecessary risks related to non-compliance issues.

How is the ROE calculated?

Step-by-step guide to calculating the ROE

Calculating the Return of Earnings (ROE) involves several steps. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to calculate it:

  1. Determine the total remuneration paid to employees:

    • Start by gathering all relevant salary information for your employees, including regular monthly earnings and any additional allowances or benefits.
    • Add up these amounts for each employee over a specific period, typically one year.
  2. Exclude certain types of remuneration:

    • While determining total remuneration, there are some types of payments that should be excluded from calculation.
    • Overtime pay and bonuses are examples of such exclusions as they do not contribute towards OID (Occupational Injuries and Diseases) contributions.
  3. Calculate average annual earnings for employees who have not worked for the full year:

    If an employee has joined or left during the financial year, their actual earnings need adjustment based on their employment duration within that period.

    • Divide their actual earning by months employed in order to determine average monthly income.
    • Multiply this amount with twelve (months), which will give you estimated annual earning if he/she had been working throughout.

By following these steps accurately while considering necessary adjustments where applicable, you can arrive at an accurate figure representing your company’s Return Of Earnings (ROEs).

Note: It is important to consult professional advice when dealing with complex scenarios like unpaid leave, part-time work, etc.

Submission of the ROE

How to submit the ROE

To submit the Return of Earnings (ROE), employers can follow a few simple steps:

  1. Register with the Compensation Fund: Before submitting your ROE, you need to register as an employer with the Compensation Fund. This registration process ensures that you are recognized by and have access to all necessary forms and information.
  2. Gather required information: Collect all relevant employee salary data for the specific period covered by your ROE declaration. Ensure that this information is accurate and up-to-date.
  3. Complete W.As 8 form or use online platforms:
    • Manual submission using Form W.As 8: Fill out Form W.As 8 accurately, providing details such as company name, address, contact person’s details, total remuneration paid during specified periods.
    • Online submission through authorized payroll providers/platforms like SimplePay: Many payroll software solutions offer integrated features allowing direct electronic submissions which simplifies filing processes significantly.
  4. Submitting supporting documents if requested:
  5. In some cases where there may be discrepancies in reported earnings or other issues identified, the compensation fund might request additional documentation. Ensure these requests are promptly attended.

  6. Verify submitted data:
  7. Before finalizing your submission ensure accuracy & completeness of provided info.

  8. Retain proof of submission:
  9. Keep copies/proofs/documentation related to filed returns safe for future reference.

Deadline for submission

The deadline for submitting the Return of Earnings (ROEs) typically falls on March 31st each year; however, it often gets extended until the end of May. The exact date will depend on any extensions granted by The Department Of Labour. It’s important not to miss this deadline since late filings could result in penalties being imposed.

Penalties For Non-Compliance

Failure to comply with regulations regarding timely completion/submission/accuracy, etc., of the ROE can result in penalties being imposed. These may include:

  1. Late submission penalty: If you fail to submit your ROE by the specified deadline, you may be subject to a late submission penalty.
  2. Incorrect information or non-compliance: Providing incorrect or incomplete information on your ROE declaration could lead to fines and other legal consequences.
  3. Penalties for repeated offenses: Repeated failure/non-compliance with regulations might attract a higher level of penalization, including imprisonment.

It is crucial that employers understand their obligations regarding submitting accurate and timely Return Of Earnings (ROEs) as per guidelines provided by The Department Of Labour. Failure to comply not only results in financial implications but also affects the employer’s reputation & credibility.

Examples of ROE calculations

Regular monthly earnings

When calculating the Return of Earnings (ROE), it is important to consider regular monthly earnings. This includes the fixed salary or wages that an employee receives on a consistent basis throughout the year.

For example, let’s say Company XYZ has an employee named John who earns a monthly salary of R10,000. To calculate John’s annual earning for the ROE, we would multiply his monthly salary by 12:

R10,000 x 12 = R120,000

In this case, John’s annual earning for the ROE would be R120,000.

Annual bonuses

Annual bonuses are another factor to consider when calculating the ROE. These are additional payments made to employees at specific times during the year as part of their compensation package.

Let’s continue with our previous example and assume that in addition to his regular monthly salary of R10,000, John also receives an annual bonus of R20,000. To calculate John’s total annual earning for the ROE, we would add his monthly salary to the annual bonus:

R120,000 + R20,000 = R140,000

In this case, John’s total annual earning for the ROE would be R140,000.

e Compensation Fund. Any errors or corrections will need to be made in the following year’s submission. Therefore, it is crucial to double-check all information before submitting the ROE to avoid any potential issues or penalties.

Is there a deadline for submitting the ROE?

Yes, there is a deadline for submitting the ROE. The typical deadline is 31 March each year. However, it is important to note that this deadline is often extended to 31 May. Employers should stay updated with any announcements or changes regarding the submission deadline to ensure compliance.

Are there penalties for non-compliance with the ROE submission?

Failure to submit the ROE or submitting incorrect information can result in penalties and consequences. The Compensation Fund may impose fines and even imprisonment for non-compliance. It is crucial for employers to meet the submission deadline and provide accurate information to avoid any penalties or legal issues.

Note: The content above is formatted in HTML and can be used as a section of the blog post.


  1. https://www.simplepay.co.za/help/filing-and-processes/oid-workmans-comp-return-of-earnings
  2. https://www.labour.gov.za/DocumentCenter/Forms/Compensation%20for%20Occupational%20Injuries%20and%20Deseases/2017%20Return%20of%20Earnings%20Guidelines_%20English.pdf
  3. https://www.investopedia.com/terms/r/returnonequity.asp

Latest Questions Answered